KAAGI: Tracing Visayan Identities in Cultural Texts is an ongoing digital exhibit, as a part of the lately concluded sixth Annual Philippine Research Convention by SOAS College of London, on Visayan identities. See https://kaagi.philippinestudies.uk/exhibition/
The basis phrase ági means passage, hint, incident, to go by, or to go by way of.
The exhibit explores the colonial archives and cultural practices of the Visayan area that features Panay, Negros, Cebu, Siquijor, Bohol, Leyte, and Samar.
Ten classes of early contact cultural heritage are offered in an interactive portal by way of movies, documentaries, interviews, music, and efficiency artwork.
The classes are Salo (Meals and Feasting), Kulon (Clay), Hablon (Textile), Puthaw (Iron), Banig (Reed Weaving), Kahoy (Wooden) Lagang (Shell), Balak (Spoken Phrase and Ritual), Bulawan (Gold), and Pinta (Working with Pigment).
All of them interconnect with the each day lives of the Visayans, from the fundamental want of meals, shelter, and clothes to sources of livelihood, standing and status, in addition to perception and spirituality.
They’re primarily based on phrase entries present in a seventeenth century Visayan-Spanish dictionary (Vocabulario de la Lengua Bisaya, Hiligueina y Haraya de la Isla de Panay y Sugbu y Para Las Demas Islas, ca. 1628) by Alonso de Mentrida (1559-1637), an Augustinian friar.
Furthermore, the exhibit traces Visayan heritage by way of the artwork and observe of latest Filipino artists who “adapt, rework, and subvert these representations.”
A documentary titled Threaded Traditions: Textiles of Panay by Luna Mendoza, presents Panay weavers with their patadyong, hablon, and piña fabric.
Making piña fabric is tedious and begins with planting Spanish purple pineapples, the variability that produces one of the best fibers from its leaves. Different steps embrace stripping, drying, knotting, spinning, and dyeing the fibers. It’s also psychological, in considering of a design and making it seen by way of weaving.
Happy with their expertise, the weavers of Miag-ao, Aklan, and Vintage be taught the craft from a mom or a grandmother, with endurance and perseverance as their solely capital.
Perception and rituals
Floy Quintos, the playwright and director, and Emil Marañon, a lawyer, talk about the woodcarving custom of the Santo Niño in Cebu and Bohol and the Immaculada Concepcion in Panay.
They examine the standard Santo Niño statues with people statues and its many variations, and people made by outliers exterior of the Catholic custom referred to as imagenes repulsivas with the carver’s personal interpretation of how the kid Jesus ought to appear like.
From the traditional craft of carving anitos to carving santos, nameless Visayan artisans had imbued their santos with slightly animism and slightly of the precolonial previous.
Maintain them alive and nicely
Exploring cultural practices within the Visayas, the exhibit takes the viewer inside the method of cooking budbud-kabog, a delicacy of steamed millet cake, weaving piña fabric or mats, embroidering abaca blouses of the Panay Bukidnon, making bamboo fish traps (bubu), chanting epics of Sugidanun in Calinog, Iloilo, and forging bladed iron weapons (itak, bolo, kampilan, sundang and the Sansibar sword of Carigara, Leyte) by a grasp panday or blacksmith.
The one maker of lagang (shell craft utilizing the chambered nautilus) in Cebu, Richoy Colina, bemoans the day when he’s gone and tries to go on his data to nieces and nephews.
Whereas conventional crafts proceed and persist in each day life, they want the help and patronage of mainstream society, to be able to flourish on stable grounds for the subsequent era of Filipinos.
A formidable group of useful resource individuals and students within the exhibit discover the historical past and significance of Visayan heritage to today.
Felice Sta. Maria presents Pigafetta’s Picnic: Meals, Texts, and the Visayas, as recorded by Antonio Pigafetta, the primary written file of meals and consuming within the archipelago.
A few of her books on Philippine meals are The Governor-Basic’s Kitchen: Philippine Culinary Vignettes and Interval Recipes, 1521-1935, 2006, The Meals of Jose Rizal, 2015, and the latest, Pigafetta’s Philippine Picnic (Culinary Encounters in the course of the First Circumnavigation, 1519-1522), 2021.
Florina H. Capistrano-Baker describes pre-Hispanic gold ornaments within the Visayas, and the mastery of subtle metalworking methods lengthy earlier than Spanish contact. The Boxer Codex (ca. 1590) describes Visayan women and men carrying gold chains round their necks and gold hoops round their ankles. Dangling earrings referred to as kayong-kayong with leaves, flowers, tubes, and circles of flattened gold sheets are solely discovered within the Visayas. As an instance her factors, she makes use of the gold assortment of the Ayala Museum.
Capistrano-Baker is the creator of Philippine Ancestral Gold, 2011 and Philippine Gold: Treasures of Forgotten Kingdoms, 2015.
Elmer Nocheseda discusses the sweetness, utility, and materiality of banig, particularly the mats and weavers of Basey, Samar and Leyte in a video titled Philippine Banig Encounters.
An impartial scholar, Nocheseda’s ebook on palm artwork is the primary of its form, Palaspas An Appreciation of Palm Leaf Artwork within the Philippines, 2009. He additionally wrote RaRa: Artwork and Custom on Mat Weaving within the Philippines, 2016.